Investigating the Environmental and Health Problems Associated with Municipal Solid Waste in Bahawalpur City, Pakistan

Investigating the environmental and health problems associated with municipal solid waste

Authors

  • Muhammad Mohsin Department of Geography, Government Sadiq Egerton Graduate College, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Asad Ali Khan Department of Geography, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Tasleem Barkat Department of Geography, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Keywords:

MSW problems, Open waste throwing, Land degradation, Malaria, Bahawalpur City

Abstract

Growing population and various economic activities in the cities has increased the generation of solid waste several times. Therefore, the main objective of the current research was to briefly investigate the impact of municipal solid waste on the environment and human health in Bahawalpur city. For this purpose, primary data about solid waste problems were collected using a structured questionnaire. Three hundred (300) respondents were asked from the residents of four study areas viz. Islami Colony, Model Town C, Model Town B, and Satellite Town (75 from each area) by applying simple random sampling. Necessary secondary data is collected from Bahawalpur Waste Management Company (BWMC). The analysis of the data was carried out in SPSS 17 by applying descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and a five-point Likert scale. Findings revealed that the problem is most aggravated in low-income areas (e.g. Islami Colony and Model Town C) where the performance of solid waste was counted average, poor, and very poor. Improper collection and disposal of solid waste also responsible for odour related problems mainly from waste throwing in open spaces like vomiting, land degradation, etc. This situation creates various environmental problems
i.e. heaps of rubbish, dirty streets, flies and mosquitoes, and others. The ineffective management of solid waste was also creating severe diseases related to public health i.e. Malaria, respiratory problems, diarrhea, and others. The correlation results also highly significant and indicative that inadequate handling and throwing of solid waste creating severe environmental problems and diseases in the study areas.

References

S.E. Vergara, and G. Tchobanoglous. Municipal solid waste and the environment: A global perspective. Annual Review of Environmental

Resources, 37:277–309 (2012) DOI: 10.1146/annurev-environ-050511-122532.

N.S. Momodu, K.O. Dimuna, and J.E. Dimuna. Mitigating the impact of solid wastes in urban centres in Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology, 4(2): 125–133 (2011).

I. Chirisa. Solid waste, the ‘Throw-Away’ culture and livelihoods: Problems and prospects in Harare, Zimbabwe. Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources 2(1): 001–008 (2013).

K. Chithra, P.P. Anilkumar, P.P. and M. Naseer. Municipal solid waste management, a major impacted sector of the urban environment due to residential land use activities- Study of Kozhikode City. Procedia Environmental Science 35, 110–118(2016).

V. Talyan, R.P. Dahiya, and T.R. Sreekrishnan. State of municipal solid waste management in Delhi, the capital of India. Waste Management 28: 1276–1287(2008).

T. Hazra, and S. Goel. Solid waste management in Kolkata, India: Practices and challenges. Waste Management 29, 470–478 (2009).

H. Al-Najar. Solid waste management in Gaza strip case study. Retrieved from http://www.docstoc.com/docs/81886781/Management-Strategy- inGaza (2005) Accessed on Aug 08, 2019.

A.K. Jha, S.K. Singh, G.P. Singh, and P.K. Gupta.

Sustainable municipal solid waste management

in low income group of cities: a review. Tropical Ecology 52(1): 123–131 (2011).

M. Dolk. Residents near waste landfill sites and risk of non-chromosal congenital malformations. New York: EUROHAZCON Collaboration study group(1997).

A. Shafqat, S. Noor, and M. Fatima. Practices and challenges of municipal solid waste management in Bahawalpur City, Pakistan. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management 9(1): 90–98 (2014).

S. Murtaza, O. Riaz, and S. Riaz. Impact of solid waste dumping site on environment and public health in Sargodha City. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences 9(1), 20–29 (2020).

S. Haydar, and J. Masood. Evaluation of kitchen waste composting and its comparison with compost prepared from municipal solid waste. Pakistan Journal of Engineering & Applied Sciences 8: 26–33 (2011).

M. Masood, C.Y. Barlow, and D. Wilson. An assessment of the current municipal solid waste management system in Lahore, Pakistan. Waste Management and Research 32: 834–847 (2014).

H. Mahmood, and M.M. Khan. Urban solid waste management in Karachi, Pakistan. International Journal of Economic & Environmental Geology 10(1): 78–83 (2019).

U. Ashraf, I. Hameed, and M.N. Chaudhary. Solid waste management practices under public and private sector in Lahore, Pakistan. Bulletin of Environmental Studies 1(4): 98–105 (2016).

M. Mohsin, and A. Chinyama. Impacts of solid waste management practices on environment and Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences 9: 69–79 (2016).

A. Majeed, S.A. Batool, and M.N. Chaudhry. Environmental quantification of the existing waste management system in a developing

world municipality using easetech: The case of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Sustainability 10: 2424,1–22 (2018) DOI:10.3390/su10072424.

The Urban Unit. Bahawalpur City Profile. The Urban Unit, Planning & Development Department, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Retrieved fromhttp://www.urbanunit.gov.pk/PublicationDocs/Punjab%20city%20profiles/Bahawalpur%20City%20Profile.pdf (2011) Accessed on Jan 07, 2014.

P. Schübeler. Conceptual framework for municipal solid waste management in low-income countries. Working Paper No. 9, Nairobi, Kenya: UNDP/UNCHS/WORLD BANK-UMP (1996).

M. Mohsin, M.M. Anwar, and M.J. Iqbal. Practice and conditions of solid waste management in Ahmedpur East, Bahawalpur, Pakistan: A way forward. Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series) 48(1): 95–100 (2016).

Z. Han, D. Zeng, Q. Li, C. Cheng, G. Shi, and Z.Mou. Public willingness to pay and participate in domestic waste management in rural areas of China. Resources, Conservation & Recycling 140, 166–174(2019).

S. Taddese, and D. Balcha. Effects of urban waste disposal on water quality at open waste dumping sites of Asella City, Arsi Zone, Southeast Ethiopia. International Journal of Current Research 11(09):6761–6766 (2019) DOI: https://doi.org/10.24941/ijcr.35441.09.2019.

K.N. Addai, and G. Danso-Abbeam. Determinants of willingness to pay for improved solid waste management in Dunkwa-on-Offin, Ghana. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences 3(1):01–09 (2014).

A.A. Khan, M. Fatima, and K. Khan. Spatial analysis of environmental health risks: A case of Bahawalpur District, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences 8(1): 238–257 (2014).

A.A. Omar, M.S. Hossain, and M.M. Parvin. Study on knowledge, attitude and practices towards the solid waste management in Karan District,

Mogadishu Somalia. Environmental Contaminants

Reviews 1(2): 22–26 (2018).

E. Marshal. Analytic study to evaluate associations between dumpsites and birth effects. Atlanta: ATSDR CO. LTD (1995).

E. Tokunbo-Daniel, T.K. Amachree, N. Wozerou, S.B. Isha, I.S. Yelwa, and O.T. Olayemi. Proximity of waste disposals to residential neighborhoods and the incidence for Malaria among under five children in Ikom, Cross River State, Nigeria. Texila International Journal of Clinical Research 5(2): 1–12 (2018).

A.A. Khan, M. Mohsin, M.N. Minallah, and T. Barkat. Assessment of municipal solid waste management practices in Bahawalpur city,

Pakistan. International Journal of Economic and Environmental Geology 11 (2):01–05 (2020).

Downloads

Published

2021-06-07

How to Cite

Mohsin, M. ., Khan, A. A., & Barkat, T. . (2021). Investigating the Environmental and Health Problems Associated with Municipal Solid Waste in Bahawalpur City, Pakistan: Investigating the environmental and health problems associated with municipal solid waste . Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences: B. Life and Environmental Sciences, 57(4), 59–69. Retrieved from https://ppaspk.org/index.php/PPAS-B/article/view/310

Issue

Section

Articles