Quantum Computer Architecture: A Quantum Circuit-Based Approach Towards Quantum Neural Network


  • Tariq Mahmood Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Talab Hussain Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Maqsood Ahmed Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan




High Energy Physics, Artificial Neural Network, Quantum Computing, Quantum Circuits, Quantum Neural Network


According to recent research on the brain and cognition, the microtubule level activities in the brain are in accordance with the quantum mechanical concepts. Consciousness is the emergent phenomenon of the brain’s subsystems and the quantum neural correlates. Based on the global work-space theory and traditional neural networks, investigations in machine consciousness and machine intelligence are reporting new techniques.  In this study, a novel approach using circuit-based quantum neural network is proposed and simulated. This approach satisfies all the criteria of quantum computing and is tested for the exclusive OR (XOR) gate’s nonlinear learning. As a result of the use of quantum gates, various quantum circuits, such as quantum adders and subtractors, are also created and included in the designing and simulation of circuit of the quantum neural networks. Moreover, it is also argued that the proposed circuit of quantum neural network may also be tested and implemented on real quantum computer hardware. The present study also stresses the applicability of techniques of machine learning algorithms such as quantum and classical neural networks to various challenges of High Energy Physics.


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How to Cite

Tariq Mahmood, Talab Hussain, & Maqsood Ahmed. (2023). Quantum Computer Architecture: A Quantum Circuit-Based Approach Towards Quantum Neural Network. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences: A. Physical and Computational Sciences, 60(2), 45–54. https://doi.org/10.53560/PPASA(60-2)668



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