Design of Fractional Order Sliding Mode Adaptive Fuzzy Switching Controllers for Uncertain ACP1000 Nuclear Reactor Dynamics
ACP1000 Reactor Dynamics and Control
Keywords:ACP1000, G and R-Banks, Reactor Dynamics, Fractional Order, Sliding Mode Control, Adaptive Fuzzy Logic
Advanced Chinese Pressurized Water Reactor (ACP1000) is a third generation load following nuclear reactor. ACP1000 is designed to control the reactor power by a sophisticated control rod mechanism under the base load normal operation of a nuclear power plant in Mode-G. To extend the normal operation of ACP1000 for load following condition, boron adjustment control is used in manual configuration. In this research work, model based two new controllers are designed for ACP1000 reactor dynamics. A nonlinear two-point reactor kinetics model is developed for two halves of the reactor core designated as top and bottom of reactor core. Reactor feedbacks model for two-point reactor kinetics model is developed with fuel temperature, moderator temperature, Xenon concentration, G-Bank control rod position, R-Bank control rod position and boron concentration feedbacks under normal operation of ACP1000. Two problems of the large reactor core of ACP1000 are Xenon oscillations and axial offset in core power distribution. To address these problems, two new controllers are designed for normal load following operation of ACP1000. One controller is designed to replace G1-Bank and R-Bank in Mode-G for reactor power control. The second controller is designed to replace G2-Bank in Mode-G for reactivity control and axial power distribution control. Originally, both reactor coolant average temperature controller and reactor power controller were adaptive controllers. Therefore, both new controllers are designed based on an optimized sliding algorithm using a dedicated fractional order sliding mode control oriented adaptive fuzzy logic control (FO-SMC-AFLC) synthesis scheme. The performance of the proposed closed loop controllers is evaluated for design step and ramp power transients. Both proposed controllers are validated against benchmark results reported in Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (PSAR) of ACP1000. The novel control design scheme is proved satisfactory for normal load following operation of ACP1000, and all the results are found well within design limits.
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