Main Article Content
This study aims to suggest some strategies for improving the quality of lighting in adaptive reuse buildings. Recently, several concerns have been raised about the lighting environment of heritage buildings that have been adaptively reused for a different function. These changes may lead to a problem for the occupants of the building, particularly on the indoor lighting quality. It is regarded as one of the most affected variables in the building of heritage that is adaptively reused. Green Building Council Indonesia (GBCI) has been concerned about this issue, particularly to the requirements related to lighting power density and control, visual comfort, outside view, and daylight. The purpose of this research is therefore to suggest some strategies for improving the quality of lighting in the two classrooms of two heritage schools in Surabaya, Indonesia, based on the Greenship Interior Space rating tool. There are three credits for lighting power density and control, and one credit for visual comfort criteria. By performing light mapping measurements, calculations, and computer simulation, this analysis is qualitative. To capture the condition of the classrooms examined, building observation was also performed. The observation shows that the existing condition gains four credits only. If adopted, the strategies proposed could achieve eight credits, which is covers 80% of the assessment points. The higher credits achieved reflect a better lighting environment and better value for energy efficiency and conservation.
R. Prihatmanti, and A. Bahauddin. Impacts of adaptive reuse in the UNESCO listed heritage buildings, George Town, Penang. In: Retracing Tradition for a Sustainable Future. The Malaysian Experience, N.F.L. Abdullah, and M. R. Pakri (Ed.). Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia, p.80–94 (2013).
R. Prihatmani R and M. Susan. Adaptive reuse of heritage building and the impact to the visual comfort: Assessed by the lighting quality. IPTEK Journal of Proceeding Series, 3: 127–141 (2017).
W.W.J.M. van Bommel, and G J. van den Beld, Lighting for work: visual and biological effects. Philips Lighting, The Netherlands, p. 1–17 (2003). DOI: 10.1.1.857.216
J.M, Katabaro and Y. Yan. Effects of lighting quality on working efficiency of workers in office building in Tanzania. Journal of Environment and Public Health, ID 3476490:1–13 (2019). DOI:10.1155/2019/3476490
GBCI, Greenship Rating Tool for Interior Space Version 1.0. Jakarta, Indonesia, (2012).
M.Y. Susan and R. Prihatmanti. Daylight characterisation of classrooms in heritage school buildings. Planning Malaysia, 15(1): 209–220 (2017). DOI: 10.21837/pm.v15i1.236
Z. Yang., B. Becerik-Gerber, and L. Mino, A study on student perceptions of higher education classrooms: Impact of classroom attributes on student satisfaction and performance. Building and Environment, 70: 171–188 (2013). DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.08.030
S.A. Samani. The impact of indoor lighting on students’ learning performance in learning environments : A knowledge internalization perspective University of Applied Sciences. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(24): 127–136 (2012).
K. Axarli and K. Tsikaloudaki. Enhancing visual comfort in classrooms through daylight utilization. In: Clima 2007 Wellbeing Indoors, p. 1–8 (2007).
M. Pinto., R. Almeida., P. Pinho, and L. Lemos. Daylighting in classrooms - the daylight factor as a performance criterion. In: ICEHCISA, p. 1–2 (2014).
P.M. Bluyssen., S. Janssen., L.H. van den Brink, and Y. de Kluizenaar. Assessment of wellbeing in an indoor office environment. Building and Environment, 46(12): 2632–2640 (2011). DOI.: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.06.026
BSN. Konservasi Energi pada Sistem Pencahayaan [Energy Conservation in Lighting Systems]. Badan Standarisasi Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia (2010). [in Bahasa Indonesia].
W.K.E. Osterhaus, Discomfort glare assessment and prevention for daylight applications in office environments. Solar Energy, 79(2): 140–158 (2005). DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2004.11.011
J. Lee., J.W. Moon, and S. Kim, Analysis of occupants’ visual perception to refine indoor lighting environment for office tasks. Energies, 7(7):4116–4139 (2014). DOI: 10.3390/en7074116
P. Leather., M. Pyrgas., D. Beale, and C. Lawrence. Windows in the workplace: sunlight, view, and occupational stress. Environment and Behavior, 30(6):739–762 (1998). DOI:10.1177/001391659803000601
L. Lottrup., U. Stigsdotter, H. Meilby, and A.G. Claudi. The workplace window view: A determinant of office workers’ work ability and job satisfaction. Landscape Research, 40(1): 57–75 (2015). DOI: 10.1080/01426397.2013.829806
E. Yandri., R. Ariati., A.S. Uyun., R.H. Setyobudi., O. Anne., H. Susanto, and Z. Vincevica-Gaile. Implementation of walk-through audits for designing energy management system: A first step towards an efficient campus. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 490(012005):1–11(2020). DOI: 10.1088/1755- 1315/490/1/012005
S. Farooq and I. Yaqoob. Awareness towards efficiency of green and conventional building materials used in Pakistan. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences A. Physical and Computational Sciences 56 (3): 75–84 (2019).