The Effectiveness of Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb.) Addition in the Feed toward Super Kampong Chicken Performances

The Effectiveness of Curcuma in the Performances of Super Kampong Chicken

Authors

  • Wahyu Widodo Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl. Raya Tlogo Mas no.246. Malang 65144, Indonesia
  • Imbang Dwi Rahayu Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl. Raya Tlogo Mas no.246. Malang 65144, Indonesia
  • Adi Sutanto Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl. Raya Tlogo Mas no.246. Malang 65144, Indonesia
  • Roy Hendroko Setyobudi Department of Agriculture Science, Postgraduate Program, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl Raya Tlogomas 246 Malang 65144, Indonesia
  • Maizirwan Mel Bioprocess Engineering Research Group, Department of Biotechnology Engineering Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Keywords:

Alternative feed additive, Feed security, Food efficiency, Herbal medicine, Local poultry, Minimize hazardous chemical

Abstract

Research purposes were to analyze the effect of curcuma in the feed toward the performances of kampong super chicken. The research materials used were 100 DOC (Day Old Chick) super kampong chicken The variables was: body weight gain, body weight, consumption, feed conversion ratio, carcass weight, abdominal fat weight, meat fat content, meat protein content, fat digestibility, crude fiber digestibility, protein biological value, and nitrogen retention. The experimental design in this study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The treatments as follows: T0: Feed without curcuma 0.0 % (as control), T1: Feed with curcuma 0.33 %, T2: Feed with curcuma 0.67 % and T3: Feed with curcuma 1.00 % with five replications. The results of research, giving curcuma as feed additive had a significant effect on body weight gain and final body weight of kampong super chicken but it had no significant effect on feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, carcass weight, abdominal fat weight, fat content meat, meat protein content, fat digestibility, crude fiber digestibility, protein biological value and nitrogen retention of kampong super chicken. There were no significant differences between T0 and T1, but it was different from T2 and T3, and T2 showed no difference with T3 on body weight gain and final body weight. The best treatment in this study was T0 and T1, namely the addition of curcuma 0 % and 0.33 %. From the conclusion, we suggest using 0.33 % curcuma as feed additive in the super kampong chicken feed for body weight gain and final body weight. 

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Published

2021-03-17

How to Cite

Widodo, W. ., Rahayu, I. D. ., Sutanto, A. ., Setyobudi, R. H. ., & Mel, M. . (2021). The Effectiveness of Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb.) Addition in the Feed toward Super Kampong Chicken Performances: The Effectiveness of Curcuma in the Performances of Super Kampong Chicken. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences: B. Life and Environmental Sciences, 56(4), 39–46. Retrieved from https://ppaspk.org/index.php/PPAS-B/article/view/70

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