Durum-21: A New High-Yielding and Good Quality Durum Wheat Variety Suitable for Pasta Production

Authors

  • Javed Ahmad Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Aziz ur Rehman Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Iqra Ghafoor Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Nadeem Ahmad Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Sarwar Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Abdullah Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Hammad Tanveer Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Majid Nadeem Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Sadia Ajmal Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Ahsan Javed Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Mehvish Makhdoom Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Makky Javaid Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53560/PPASB(60-3)765

Keywords:

Durum, Adaptability, Pasta, Pigmentation

Abstract

Durum-21 (D-21) is a high-yielding, disease resistant with better-quality traits variety, developed by Wheat Research Institute Faisalabad. This variety is mainly developed for industrial purposes for pasta production. Worldwide, durum wheat is utilized for pasta production; but in Pakistan, due to a lack of research work and non-availability of quality seeds of durum wheat, bread wheat is being utilized for pasta production. D-21 is developed with the breeding code of D-21 having parentage of FKN/3/2*FR//KAD/GB/4/BB/CHA/5/AS-2002 with pedigree as PB20733-1a-2a-2a-0a-0a-19a-0a. The candidate line D-21 was developed by crossing a germplasm accession with approved bread wheat variety AS-02. The genotype was further evaluated over multiple locations in Punjab Pakistan for yield and yield-related attributes in the station, provincial, and national uniform durum yield trials executed by Wheat Research Institute (WRI), Faisalabad during 2015-20. The promising line out yielded the two commercial check varieties D-97 and Fsd-2008 by 1.42 % in the provincial yield trial and 4.2 % in the national yield trial. D-21 had desirably medium to tall plant height (96-100 cm) without anthocyanin pigment. It has erected to semi-erect growth habit at the seedling stage. Its color is green with medium waxiness on stem and yellowish-white at maturity. Its 1000-grain weight ranged from 38.9 to 39 g while the test weight remained from 69 to 78.5 g. The protein contents were 13.1 to 14.95 %; which is higher than the two checks (D-97 and Fsd-2008). Due to its better grain yield and promising nutritional and quality parameters, it was approved in the year 2021 for cultivation all over the country. 

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Published

2023-09-04

How to Cite

Javed Ahmad, Aziz ur Rehman, Iqra Ghafoor, Nadeem Ahmad, Muhammad Sarwar, Muhammad Abdullah, Muhammad Hammad Tanveer, Majid Nadeem, Sadia Ajmal, Ahsan Javed, Mehvish Makhdoom, & Muhammad Makky Javaid. (2023). Durum-21: A New High-Yielding and Good Quality Durum Wheat Variety Suitable for Pasta Production. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences: B. Life and Environmental Sciences, 60(3), 383–392. https://doi.org/10.53560/PPASB(60-3)765

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Section

Research Articles