Extraction and Application of Natural Dye from Gladiolus on Cotton and Cotton/Polyester Blend
Extraction of dye from Gladiolus
Keywords:Natural dye, Gladiolus, Colorfastness, Visual examination, Illuminants
The current study aims at determining the role of natural dye on cotton and cotton/polyester blends. The research work was conducted at Nishat Mills Limited (Dyeing and Finishing Unit). The dye was extracted from the floral part of Gladiolus in three different shades and applied on selected fabrics. The dyed material was then tested for its light and colourfastness and visual assessment by following AATCC Test Method 8-2007 and AATCC Evaluation Procedure 9-2007 respectively. The results indicated that dyed samples showed excellent to moderate colourfastness in dry and wet conditions. Specimen A-1 comprised of 100% cotton showed excellent results with 5 grayscale readings for red colour. Darker shades were observed for the same red colour in specimen A-1 with selected four illuminants. Chroma was observed as brighter for all three shades when observed under cool white illuminant. The findings can be helpful for the dyeing units in textile industries for the adoption of natural and eco-friendly products and procedures.
C.H. Parkes. Creating colour in yarn: an introduction to natural dyes. Knitter’s Review (2003).
P. Saha., and S. Dutta. S. Production of floral dyes from different flowers available in west bengal for textile and dye industry (2007). Retrieved from http://folk.ntnu.no/skoge/prost/proceedings/ecce6_sep07/upload/386.pdf
A.K. Samanta., and A. Konar. Dyeing of textiles with natural dyes. In Natural dyes. InTec Publications. (2011).
M.L. Gulrajani., and D. Gupta. (Eds.). Natural dyes and their application to textiles. Department of Textile Technology. Indian Institute of Technology (1992).
B. Glover., and J.H. Pierce. Are natural colorants good for your health?. Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists 109: 5-7 (1993).
S.P. Khattak., S. Rafique., B. Ahmad., T. Hussain., and Z.E. Mujeeb. Evaluation of fastness and tensile properties of cotton fabric dyed with root extracts of acacia catechu by padsteam procedure. Journal of Science and Technology 2(1): 59-69 (2013).
S. Saxena., and A.S.M. Raja. Natural dyes: sources, chemistry, application and sustainability issues. In: Roadmap to sustainable textiles and clothing.Singapore: Springer (2014).
T. I. Kakhia. Dyes, Colors & Pigments. Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/document/266344593/BDyes-Colors-Pigments-tarek-Kakhia (2015).
F.A. Nagia., and R.S.R El-Mohamedy. Dyeing of wool with natural anthraquinone dyes from Fusarium oxysporum. J. Dyes and pigments 75: 550-555 (2007).
P.S. Vankar., Natural dyes for textiles: Sources,chemistry and applications. Woodhead Publishing. (2017).
R. Singh., and S. Srivastava. Exploration of flower based natural dyes—a review. Research Journal of Rec. Science 4(1): 6-8 (2015).
E.J. Weber, and R.L. Adams. Chemical-and sediment-mediated reduction of the azo dye disperse blue. Environmental science & technology 29:1163-1170 (1995).
R. Mongkholrattanasit., C. Klaichoi., O. Mudchiew., N. Punrattanasin., N. Sasivatchutikool., and N. Rungruangkitkrai. Effect of ferrous sulfate to improve UV-protection property of cotton fabric dyed with natural indigo. Advanced Materials Research 1030(1): 418-421 (2014).
AATCC. 197-11. Colorfast to crocking, crockmeter meter. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (2011).
ASTM International. ASTM D1776. Standard practice for conditioning and testing textile. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International (2010).
AATCC Blue wool light fastness standard. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (2018). Retrieved from ttps://members.aatcc.org/store/bluewool/1665/17. AATCC Evaluation Procedure 9-2007. Visual assessment of color difference of textiles. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (2007).
`18. AATCC. Monograph M6. Standardization of home laundry test conditions. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. (2018). Retrieved from www.aatcc.org/testing/supplies/docs/205-M06.pdf
M.M. Kamel., H.M. Helmy., and N.S. El Hawary.. Some studies on dyeing properties of cotton fabrics with crocus sativus (Saffron flowers) using an ultrasonic method. Journal of Natural Fiber 6: 151-170 (2009).
D.B. Patil., K.N. Patil, P.V. Gaikwad., P. V., P.J. Patil., U.L. Shewale., and S.B. Bhamburdekar. Extraction of natural dye from rose flower for dyeing cotton fabrics. International Journal of Innovation Research in Multidisciplinary Field 2:135-137 (2016).
D. Jothi, D. Extraction of natural dyes from African marigold flower (Tagetes erecta L) for textile coloration. Autex Research Journal 8: 49-53 (2008).
D.N.V. Satyanarayana., and K.R. Chandra Dyeing of cotton cloth with natural dye extracted from pomegranate peel and its fastness. International Journal of Engineering Science Research & Technology 2: 2664-2269 (2013).
A.K. Mairal., and J.C. Shah. Role of some Ecofriendly chaemicals in pre- and after treatments of textiles. Manmade Textile India 44: 136-138 (2001).
S.F. Ibrahim., M.N. Michael., F.M. Tera, and S.H. Samaha. Optimisation of the Dyeing process for chemically modified cotton fabrics. Colourage (1997).
S.B. Gokhale., A.U. Tatiya., S.R. Bakliwal., and R.A. Fursule. Natural dye yielding plants in India. Natural product radiance 3: 228-234. (2004).
P.S. Vankar, and R. Shanker, R. Eco‐friendly pretreatment of silk fabric for dyeing with Delonix regia extract. Coloration Technology 125: 155-160 (2009).
V.K. Gupta. Fundamentals of natural dyes and its application on textile substrates. Chemistry and technology of natural and synthetic dyes and pigments. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.intechopen.com/books/chemistry-and-technologyof-natural-and-synthetic-dyes-and-pigments/fundamentals-of-natural-dyes-and-its-applicationon-textile-substrates
R.S. Berns, R. S. Billmeyer and Saltzman’s Principles of color technology. New York: Wiley (2000).
M. Shahid, M., and F. Mohammad., Recent advancements in natural dye applications: a review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 53(2): 310-331 (2013).
D.B. Judd., G. Wyszecki, and W.T. Wintringham, W. T. Color in business, science, and industry. Physics Today 16:74-78. (1963).
J.J. Koenderink. Color for the Sciences. The MIT Press. (2010).
A.K. Samanta., A. Konar., S. Chakarborty., and S. Datta. Effect of different mordants, extraction conditions and dyeing process variables on colour interaction parameters and colour fastness properties in dyeing of jute fabric with Manjistha, a natural dye. Journal of the Institute of Engineering, 91(7): 310-315 (2010)