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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Aims and Scope:

Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences is official journal of the Academy, published quarterly, in English. This open access journal publishes research papers in Engineering Sciences & Technology, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, and Physical Sciences. State-of-the-art reviews (~20 pages, supported by recent references) summarizing R&D in a particular area of science, especially in the context of Pakistan, and suggesting further R&D are also considered. Manuscripts undergo double-blind review. Authors are not required to be Fellows or Members of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences or citizens of Pakistan.

Click here to download the paper template 

Instructions for Authors:

Manuscript may contain Abstract, Keywords, INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION (or RESULTS AND DISCUSSION), CONCLUSIONS, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS and REFERENCES and any other information that the author(s) may consider necessary. The Manuscript sections must be numbered, i.e., 1. INTRODUCTION, 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS, and so on. Manuscripts, in Times New Roman, 1.5-spaced (but single-space the Tables), with line numbering and one-inch margins on all sides on A-4 size paper, should not exceed 20 pages including Tables and Figures. Number manuscript pages throughout. The text (in Font Size 11, except for the sections mentioned in Font Size 10) must be typed in a single column across the paper width. All Tables and Figures must be placed after the text, i.e., after REFERENCES section. (a) Title of the article (Capitalize initial letter of each main word; font size 16; bold), max 160 characters (no abbreviations or acronyms), depicting article’s contents; (b) Author’ first name, middle initial and last name (font size 12, bold), and professional affiliation (i.e., each author’s Department, Institution, Mailing address and Email; but no position titles) (font size 12); (c) Indicate the corresponding author with *; (d) Short running title, max 50 characters ( font size 10).The next Page should start with Title of the Article, followed by entire manuscript. Headings and Subheadings (font size 11): All flush left LEVEL-1: ALL CAPITAL LETTERS; bold  Level-2: Capitalize each main word; bold Level-3: Capitalize each main word; Bold, Italic Level-4: Run-in head; Italics, in the normal paragraph position. Capitalize the initial word only and end in a colon (i.e., :) Abstract (font size 10; max 250 words): Must be self-explanatory, stating rationale, objective(s), methodology, main results and conclusions of the study. Abbreviations, if used, must be defined on first mention in the Abstract as well as in the main text. Abstract of review articles may have variable format. Keywords (font size 10): Three to eight keywords, depicting the article. INTRODUCTION: Provide a clear and concise statement of the problem, citing relevant recent literature, and objectives of the investigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Provide an adequate account of the procedures or experimental details, including statistical tests (if any), in a concise manner but sufficient enough to replicate the study. RESULTS: Be clear and concise with the help of appropriate Tables, Figures and other illustrations. Data should not be repeated in Tables and Figures, but must be supported with statistics. DISCUSSION: Provide interpretation of the RESULTS in the light of previous relevant studies, citing published references. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (font size 10): In a brief statement, acknowledge financial support and other assistance. REFERENCES (font size 10): Cite references in the text by number only in square brackets, e.g. “Brown et al [2] reported ...” or “... as previously described [3, 6 –8]”, and list them in REFERENCES section, in the order of citation in the text, Tables and Figures (not alphabetically). Only published (and accepted for publication) journal articles, books, and book chapters qualify for REFERENCES.
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List of REFERENCES must be prepared as under: a. Journal Articles (Name of journals must be stated in full) 1. Golding, I. Real time kinetics of gene activity in individual bacteria. Cell 123: 1025–1036 (2005). 2. Bialek, W. & S. Setayeshgar. Cooperative sensitivity and noise in biochemical signaling. Physical Review Letters 100: 258–263 (2008). 3. Kay, R.R. & C.R.L. Thompson. Forming patterns in development without morphogen gradients: differentiation and sorting. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology 1: doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a001503 (2009). b. Books 4. Luellen, W.R. Fine-Tuning Your Writing. Wise Owl Publishing Company, Madison, WI, USA (2001). 5. Alon, U. & D.N. Wegner (Ed.). An Introduction to Systems Biology: Design Principles of Biological Circuits. Chapman & Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, FL, USA (2006). c. Book Chapters 6. Sarnthein, M.S. & J.D. Stanford. Basal sauropodomorpha: historical and recent phylogenetic developments. In: The Northern North Atlantic: A Changing Environment. Schafer, P.R. & W. Schluter (Ed.), Springer, Berlin, Germany, p. 365–410 (2000).  7. Smolen, J.E. & L.A. Boxer. Functions of Europhiles. In: Hematology, 4th ed. Williams, W.J., E. Butler & M.A. Litchman (Ed.), McGraw Hill, New York, USA, p. 103–101 (1991). Tables, with concise but self-explanatory headings must be numbered according to the order of citation (like Table 1, Table 2). Round off data to the nearest three significant digits. Provide essential explanatory footnotes, with superscript letters or symbols keyed to the data. Do not use vertical or horizontal lines, except for separating column heads from the data and at end of the Table. Figures may be printed in two sizes: column width of 8.0 cm or page width of 16.5 cm; number them as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, … in the order of citation in the text. Captions to Figures must be concise but self-explanatory. Laser printed line drawings are acceptable. Do not use lettering smaller than 9 points or unnecessarily large. Photographs must be of high quality. A scale bar should be provided on all photomicrographs. Declaration: Provide a declaration that: (i) the results are original; (ii) the same material is neither published nor under consideration elsewhere; (iii) approval of all authors has been obtained; and, (iv) in case the article is accepted for publication, its copyright will be assigned to Pakistan Academy of Sciences. Authors must obtain permission to reproduce, where needed, copyrighted material from other sources and ensure that no copyrights are infringed upon. Reviewers: Authors may suggest four relevant reviewers, two local and two from scientifically advanced countries. Manuscripts must be submitted in Microsoft Word (2007 Version .doc or .docx format); pdf files not acceptable. Figures can be submitted in Word format, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, EPS, PPT.

Privacy Statement

Publication ethics and malpractice statement

Authorship of the paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. Transparency about the contributions of authors is encouraged.

Originality and plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Data access and retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Journal does not view the following uses of a work as prior publication: publication in the form of an abstract; publication as an academic thesis; publication as an electronic preprint. Information on prior publication is included within journal’s Guide for Authors.

Acknowledgement of sources: Proper acknowledgment.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest: All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Reporting standards: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.

Hazards and human or animal subjects: Statements of compliance are required if the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, or if it involves the use of animal or human subjects.

Use of patient images or case details: Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper.

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.